MCA had disqualified around 3.09 lakh directors that failed to comply with the regulations stated under section 164(2) and 167(1)(a) of the Act. As a further measure, the authority has blocked DIN of all the disqualified directors.
After the action was taken, many aggrieved directors and company came out seeking a solution for the same. As a result of which, the ministry came out with ‘Condonation of Delay Scheme’ wherein it provides a chance to file the necessary documents and safeguard their current position. When a company failed to file MCA annual return, then the Directors who hold the Directorship in multiple companies have also been disqualified from the company.N
A director can be disqualified under Section 164 of the Companies Act, 2013 for the following reasons:
- The Director is of unsound mind and stands so declared by a competent court.
- The Director is an undischarged insolvent.
- The Director has applied to be adjudicated as an insolvent and his application is pending.
- The Director has been convicted by a court of any offence, whether involving moral turpitude or otherwise and sentenced in respect thereof to imprisonment for not less than six months and a period of five years has not elapsed from the date of expiry of the sentence. Also, any person, who has been convicted of any offence and sentenced to imprisonment for a period of seven years or more, will not be eligible to be appointed as a director in any company.
- An order disqualifying the Director for appointment as a director has been passed by a court or Tribunal and the order is in force.
- The Director has not paid any calls in respect of any shares of the company held by him, whether alone or jointly with others, and six months have elapsed from the last day fixed for the payment of the call.
- The Director has been convicted of the offence dealing with related party transactions under section 188 at any time during the last preceding five years.
- A company in which the Director is a part of the Board has not filed financial statements or annual returns for any continuous period of three financial years.
- The company has failed to repay the deposits accepted by it or pay interest thereon or to redeem any debentures on the due date or pay the interest due thereon or pay any dividend declared and such failure to pay or redeem continues for one year or more.
If company fails to file MCA annual return form continuously for 3 years as mentioned in point 8, then the person can be disqualified from being a Director .Under Section 274 of the Companies Act, any person disqualified from being a Director shall not be eligible for being appointed as Director in any company for a period of five years. Hence, the recent director disqualification has adversely impacted lakhs of promoters.
How to Become a Director Again after Disqualification
A person can become a Director again after disqualification by following one of the following approaches or a combination of approaches. To become a director after a disqualification, the disqualified director may have to appeal to the NCLT and work closely with Officers at MCA for filing returns. Hence, it’s important to engage an experienced CA or CS or Lawyer immediately after disqualification to resolve the matter.
a. Appeal the Decision to Disqualify
A Director who has been disqualified can appeal the decision with 30 days of notice to temporarily stay the order. Companies Act states that an order disqualifying a Director does not take effect within 30 days of conviction resulting in sentence or order. Once, appeal is initiated, the person would continue to be Director until the expiry of 7 days from the date on which the appeal or petition is disposed off. Hence, any person who has received an order can file the returns and appeal within 30 days to stay the order of director disqualification.
b. Appoint New Directors Temporarily
The first step to be taken by promoters after disqualification is to file the overdue returns. However, once the Director of a company is disqualified, the disqualified Directors will be barred from filing any overdue MCA annual return to make compliance up to date. Hence, the existing Directors should execute resolutions for the appointment of new Director in the Company. Since the existing Director is disqualified, they will also be barred from digitally signing the new director appointment application for filing with MCA.
To bypass the same, the Directors along with a Professional would have to approach the concerned ROC for the appointment of Director through the MCA back end. A notification by the Joint Director of the MCA concerning the procedure is attached below for reference:
Government of India
Ministry of Corporate Affairs
5th Floor ‘A’ Wing, Shastri Bhawan, New Delhi.
The Regional Directors/Registrars of Companies
Sub: – Addition of names of the newly appointed Directors in the MCA database in the Companies where all the directors stand vacated due to disqualification under section 164(2)(a) r/w 167(1) of the Companies Act, 2013-reg
With reference to the subject cited, I am directed to inform you that reference have been received in the Ministry regarding the matters related to appointment of directors in the Companies in which existing directors stand vacated in terms of Section 167 read with 161(2)(a) of the Act.
- In this regard, it is to be understood that the promoters may appoint new directors u/s167(3) of the Act.In such cases, the issue of role check shall arise.
- The RoCs already have facility to add signatory details from the back end with the approval of RD.
- The RoCs/RD’s hereby directed to approve such applications within one week from the date of receipt of application. This issues with the approval of Competent Authority.
(Sanjay Kumar Gupta)
C. File all Overdue Returns
Once the new temporary Director is added to the Company’s Board of Directors by the ROC, the digital signature of the new Director can be used to file all pending returns and make the company compliant under MCA and Income Tax Act.
D. File Application with NCLT
Once all the overdue returns for the company have been filed using the digital signature of the new Director, an application can be made before the NCLT for making the status of the company “Active” from “Strike Off”. The entire proceeding before the NCLT has to be represented by a practising Chartered Accountant or Company Secretary.
Become a Director Again After Disqualification?
There is no process in place currently for the MCA to make a Disqualified Director, a Director again before the end of the five year period. However, all stakeholders are currently waiting for the MCA to announce a procedure for removing the disqualification after filing the necessary compliance and payment of a penalty.
Landmark Judgement for Restoring DIN of Disqualified Directors
Meanwhile, some promoters have already approached the Courts for quick resolution of the matter. One such landmark case wherein the promoters DIN were ordered to be restored by Court order is the case of Dr. Reddy’s Research Foundation v. Ministry of Corporate Affairs. A summary of the case between Dr. Reddy’s Research Foundation v. Ministry of Corporate Affairs pertaining to DIN restoration for filing MCA annual return is reproduced below:
Dr. Reddy’s Research Foundation
Ministry of Corporate Affairs
CHALLA KODANDA RAM, J.
WPMP NO. 40529 OF 2017
WP NO. 32575 OF 2017
OCTOBER 7, 2017
R. Raghunandan, Senior Counsel, T. Vinod Kumar for the petitioner. K. Lakshman, for the Respondent.
1. Heard Sri R. Raghunandan, learned Senior Counsel appearing for the petitioners and Sri K. Lakshman, learned Assistant Solicitor General appearing for the respondents.
2. It appears that there is a lacuna in the procedure that is required to be followed by the Companies, which are defaulted in filing their annual returns and the consequent disqualification of the Directors to rectify the defect.
3. Rule 14 of the Companies (Appointment and Qualification of Directors) Rules, 2014, prima facie provides for rectifying the defect by enabling the defaulting companies to file their returns. However, the said Rule does not provide what is required to be done by the respective authorities. In the light of the fact that a defaulting company is allowed to rectify the defect by filing the returns which have not been filed earlier, the natural corollary of the same would be that the designated/competent authority is required to take the same into consideration. As the filing has to be done through e-platform, the same cannot be done unless access is provided to. The authorized individual/Director has to file the same, which obviously requires providing access by the authorities. As a matter of fact, the material placed before this Court, particularly, the report of the Companies Law Committee, dated nil.02.2016, submitted to the Hon’ble Union Minister of Finance, Corporate Affairs and I & B, discloses that the anomaly in relation to the same, particularly, with regard to the disqualification that is earned by an individual not only with respect to the defaulting company, but also with respect to the other companies, is noticed and the prima facie opinion of the Committee is that a rectification is required to be made restricting the scope of disqualification to the defaulting company.
4. In the light of the above discussion, there shall be a direction to respondent No.1 to restore DIN Numbers 00057433 and 00129701 of petitioners 2 and 3 insofar as petitioner No.1-Company, so as to enable them to submit annual returns of petitioner No.1 Company for the years 2011-12 to 2015-16 and further financial statements for the years 2012-13 to 2015-16 in compliance with Rule 14 of the afore-stated Rules read with Form DIR-8, Form DIR-9 and Form DIR-10.
Representation from Company Law Committee
In addition to the above judgement, a Report of Companies Law Committee dated February 2016 has been submitted to Union Minister of Finance, Corporate Affairs and I&B. In the report, the Companies Law Committee has recommended or opined that that scope of disqualification of directors of companies under Rule 14 of Companies (Appointment and Qualification of Directors) Rules, 2014, for rectifying defect in filing annual return is required to be restricted to defaulting company only and not with respect to other companies. Hence, if any Directors were disqualified on account of one of a company defaulting on filing of annual returns, the Director would still be allowed to file the necessary returns in other such companies in which compliance has been maintained.
It can be concluded that as there appears to be no remedy feasible as per the Companies Act, 2013, but, a Writ Petition can be made by the grieving director under Article 226 of our Constitution.
Making records of concerns and the process is a simple way to protect against risk and maintain transparency.
Thus, it can be stated that once a director is ineligible u/s 164(2) he shall continue to be disqualified for FIVE financial years. In the Active Companies, promoters have to appoint new directors for the smooth working of the Company.
One can think that in case, any director of a struck off Company wants to avail the benefit of CODS-2018 or want to remove its disqualification can file a writ petition in Hon’ble High Court for the same.