Form STK-2 for Winding Up of Companies
Form STK-2 is required to be filed for removing the name from the register of companies, i.e., winding up of a company. Form STK-2 is made available by the MCA from the 5th of April, 2017 for filing on the MCA platform. Earlier FTE form was filed under Fast Track Exit Scheme for private limited companies which has now been replaced with STK-2 form
Removal of Company Name from Register of Companies by Registrar
In Companies Act, 2013 MCA brought to force Section 248 to 252 . MCA set the foundation for removal of company name from Register of Companies. According to Section 248 to 252 of Companies Act 2013, the Registrar of Companies has the following important powers to remove the name of company from the register of companies, if the Registrar has rational cause to believe that:
- The company was unsuccessful to commence its business within one year of its incorporation;
- The company has not to be carrying on any business or operation for a period of two immediately preceding financial years and has not made any requisition for obtaining the status of a dormant company.
The Registrar can detach the name of the company from the register of companies by sending a notice to the company and to all the directors of the company. The notice from Registrar Of Company would present the ROC’s intention to remove the name of the company from the register of companies and request the company to send representative along with copies of the relevant documents, if any, within a period of 30 days from the date of the notice.
Voluntarily Removing Company Name using Form STK-2
This process for removing a company name from the register of companies can also be commenced by the company by filing Form STK-2. To file Form STK-2, the company should have to remove all its liabilities and accomplish a special resolution for removal of company name from the register of companies with the assent of 75% of members in terms of paid-up share capital. In case the company is monitor under a Special Act, approval of the regulatory body constituted or established under that Act should also be procured and enclosed with the application.
Closing of Company by Filing Form STK-2
After filing of Form STK-2 by the company, the Registrar has the authority and duty to satisfy him/herself that sufficient provision has been made for the realisation of all amounts payable to the company and for the payment or discharge of its liabilities and obligations by the company within a reasonable time. If necessary, the ROC can also obtain necessary undertakings from the managing director, director or other persons in charge of the management of the company.
On completion of the above convention, the ROC would cause a public notice to be issued regarding the intended closure of the company. After expiry of the time revealed in the notice, the Registrar can, strike off its name from the register of companies, and publish notice of striking-off of name of company in the Official Gazette. The company is held to be dissolved on the publication in the Official Gazette of this notice.
Requirements for Filing Form STK-2
All types of companies like private limited company, one Person Company; Public limited company can apply for closure using Form STK-2. The following are the enclosures that must be affixed with Form STK-2:
- In Form, STK 3 Indemnity bond duly notarized by every director.
- A statement of accounts comprising assets and liabilities of the company made up to a day, not exceeding thirty days before the date of application and certified by a Chartered Accountant;
- In Form STK 4 an affidavit by every director of the company;
- A copy of the special resolution accordingly certified by each of the directors of the company or approval of 75 % of the members of the company in terms of paid-up share capital as on the date of application
- A statement with reference to pending litigations, if any, involving the company.
In Form STK-2, the Managing Director or Director of the company is required to declare that:
- There is no inspection or investigation ordered and carried out or yet to be carried out or being carried out against the company and where inspection or investigation have been carried out, no prosecution is pending in any court arising out of such inspection or investigation;
- The company is neither having any public deposits which are outstanding nor the company is in default in its repayment or interest thereon;
- The company does not have any outstanding loans, secured or unsecured;
- The company does not have any dues towards income tax, VAT, excise duty, service tax or any other tax or duty, by whatever name called, payable to the Central or any State Government, statutory authority or local authority;
- All the other liabilities of the company have been settled or discharged or extinguished;
- As Companies Act 2013 and rules made thereunder relating to removing the name of the company from the register of companies and matters incidental or supplemental thereto have been complied with;
If a company satisfies any of the following condition, form STK-2 cannot be filed:
- The company altered its name or shifted its registered office from one State to another before three months of the filing of Form STK-2;
- The company disposed the property or rights held by it, before 3 months of the filing of Form STK-2. This provision is not applicable wherein disposal of properties for gain is in the normal course of trading or carrying on of business;
- The company engaged in any other activity except the one which is provided in the MOA or expedient before 3 months of the filing of Form STK-2.
- The company has made an application to the Tribunal for the sanctioning of a compromise or arrangement and the matter has not been finally concluded;
- The company is being wound up under Companies Act 2013 or under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016.
Certification of Form
Form STK 2 should be certified by a Chartered Accountant (CA) in full-time practice or Company Secretary (CS) in full-time Practice or Cost Accountant in whole time practice.
Effect of Removing Name from Register of Companies
STK-2 is filed and received by the ROC; the company would be dissolved under section 248 of the Companies Act, 2013. Further, the business would terminate to manage as a company and the Certificate of Incorporation issued to it shall be deemed to have been cancelled from such date – except for the purpose of fulfill the amount due to the company and for the remittance or discharge of the liabilities or obligations of the company.
Also, if a company is closed using Form STK-2, the liability of all director, manager or other officers who were exercising any power of management and of every member of the company would continue and can be obligatory as if the company had not been dissolved.
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